The Museo Galileo Digital Library publishes digital collections on themes of interest to the history of science. It consists of digital collections representing documents of different types, such as printed works, manuscripts, photographs, and objects, scientific instruments in particular. The Museo Galileo Digital Library may thus be considered an information system used to consult the wealth of knowledge offered by the thematic collections as a whole, consisting of digital resources in various formats – images, texts, video, audio, etc.
The Museo Galileo created a digital library section constituted of thematic collections of historical-scientific interest. The section supports, moreover, the research activities and online services of the periodicals Nuncius and Galilæana.